It is troublesome when your eyes have problems. Often, you are refrained from doing some activities and tend to be less productive in what you do. One of the most common problems that affect the eye is the eye allergies. Eye allergies are determined by red, itchy, watery eyes, in tandem with some irritants that causes sneezing and a runny nose. In some cases, these allergies play a role in conjunctivitis and other eye infections.
Cause and Treatment of Eye Allergies
Causes of Eye Allergies
Eye allergies are often caused by simple, normally harmless things like allergens, such as dust, pollen, mold, and pet dander. Cosmetics can also be a cause, particularly to those who are allergic to them. Some cases are found to be the cause of reactions to food, bee stings, and other insect bites.
- Avoiding Allergens
- Removing Contact Lenses
- Eye Drops
- Prescription and Medication
Antihistamines are used to fight allergic reactions caused by histamine (substance that dilates blood vessels and which makes the wall of blood vessels permeable). People with this condition experience runny nose and itchy, watery eyes.
Decongestants help patients to breather properly by shrinking swollen nasal passages. They also reduce the size of blood vessels on the white part of the eye to relieve red eyes (bloodshot). The most common decongestants include pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine.
Mast Cell Stabilizers also cause changes in mast cells that prevent from releasing histamine and other elements that cause allergic reactions. This prescription takes longer before to take an effect though, so it is advised to take it before allergy season starts.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to decrease inflammation, swelling, and other symptoms associated with eye allergies.
Steroids are often prescribed for acute cases of eye allergies. They are used to provide relief to the eyes. Unfortunately, they have potential side-effects when used for so long. Users may have high eye pressure, glaucoma or cataracts.